Antibiotic reduction in broilers
In a 2016 report outlining rising drug resistance, Lord Jim O’Neill estimated that deaths from AMR could balloon to 10 million a year by 2050, at a global economic cost of 100 trillion USD. As such, many countries decided to reduce the use of antibiotics in poultry production. The United Nations and other non-governmental organisations created a framework to combine reduction efforts in animal health, human health, and the environment, namely the One Health approach. This covers animal health actions, such as training for farmers, vets, technicians, and others.
Reducing antibiotic usage must be global, embracing farm management, nutrition, and feed strategies to reduce stress in birds that can induce the diseases which were previously treated with antibiotics. There are 2 classes of antibiotics: the ones used as growth promoters (AGPs) and others used to prevent diseases or cure sick birds.